What is spunbond non-woven fabric?

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What is spunbond non-woven fabric?

Update:27 Jul
Summary: What is spunbond non-woven fabric?...
What is spunbond non-woven fabric? What is the difference with non-woven fabric?
Affiliation: Spunbond non-woven fabric is a kind of non-woven fabric.
Non-woven fabric is a kind of fabric that does not need to be spun and weaved, but the textile short fibers or filaments are oriented or randomly arranged to form a fiber network structure, and then reinforced by mechanical, thermal bonding or chemical methods. . To put it simply: it is not interwoven and knitted together one by one yarns, but the fibers are directly bonded together by physical methods, so when you get the sticky scale in your clothes , You will find that it is impossible to draw out the thread ends. Non-woven fabric breaks through the traditional textile principle, and has the characteristics of short process flow, fast production speed, high output, low cost, wide use, and multiple sources of raw materials.
Its main uses can be roughly divided into:
(1) Medical and health cloths: surgical gowns, protective clothing, disinfection wraps, masks, diapers, sanitary napkins, etc.;
(2) Home decoration cloth: wall cloth, table cloth, bed sheet, bedspread, etc.;
(3) Follow-up cloth: lining, fusible interlining, wadding, styling cotton, various synthetic leather base cloths, etc.;
(4) Industrial cloth: filter material, insulating material, cement packaging bag, geotextile, covering cloth, etc.;
(5) Agricultural cloth: crop protection cloth, seedling raising cloth, irrigation cloth, thermal insulation curtain, etc.;
(6) Others: space cotton, thermal insulation materials, linoleum, cigarette filters, tea bags, etc.
Classification of non-woven fabrics:
1. Spunlace non-woven fabric
The spunlace process is to spray a high-pressure fine water stream onto one or more layers of fiber webs to entangle the fibers with each other, so that the fiber webs can be reinforced and have a certain strength.

2. Heat-sealing non-woven fabric
Thermal bonding non-woven fabric refers to adding fibrous or powdery hot-melt bonding reinforcement material to the fiber web, and the fiber web is heated, melted and cooled to be consolidated into a cloth.

3. Pulp air-laid non-woven fabric
Airlaid non-woven fabrics can also be called dust-free paper and dry-laid non-woven fabrics. It uses air-laid technology to open the wood pulp fiberboard into a single fiber state, and then uses air-flow method to agglomerate the fibers on the web curtain, and then reinforce the fiber web into a cloth.

4. Wet-laid non-woven fabric
The wet-laid non-woven fabric is to open the fiber raw materials in the water medium into single fibers, and at the same time mix different fiber raw materials to form a fiber suspension slurry, which is transported to the web forming mechanism, and the fibers are formed into a web in a wet state. Reinforce into cloth.

5. Spunbond non-woven fabric
Spunbond non-woven fabrics are formed after the polymer has been extruded and stretched to form continuous filaments, the filaments are laid into a net, and the fiber net is then bonded by itself, thermally bonded, chemically bonded or mechanically reinforced to make The web becomes a non-woven fabric.

6. Meltblown non-woven fabric
The process of meltblown non-woven fabric: polymer feeding --- melt extrusion --- fiber formation --- fiber cooling --- forming a net --- strengthening into a cloth.

7. Needle punched non-woven fabric
Needle-punched non-woven fabric is a kind of dry-laid non-woven fabric. Needle-punched non-woven fabric uses the piercing effect of needles to reinforce the fluffy web into a cloth.

8. Stitched non-woven fabric
Stitched non-woven fabrics are a kind of dry-laid non-woven fabrics. The stitching method uses a warp-knitted loop structure to align fiber webs, yarn layers, non-woven materials (such as plastic sheets, plastic thin metal foils, etc.) or their combination The body is reinforced to make a non-woven fabric.